Medications & Supplements

Doxycycline is administered in pill form to the male partner during the female partner’s stimulation IVF cycle to reduce the minute levels of bacteria found in the semen. These bacteria can compromise the performance and quality of the sperm during an IVF cycle. Adoxa is also sometimes given to the female to reduce the risk of infection following aspiration of the follicles during the egg retrieval period.

Ganirelex is administered by injection usually over three or four days to prevent premature ovulation.

Aspirin can sometimes be prescribed as a low strength (75 mg or 81 mg) tablet. It is taken once or twice daily by mouth, as directed.

Birth control pills may be administered to regulate your cycle and are usually started on the first day of your period, or as directed by your physician.

Urofolitropin is used to help the ovaries produce multiple eggs for use in ‘in-vitro’ fertilization.

Bromocriptine is a dopamine antagonist used to prevent ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome.

Buserelin is a long acting GnRH agonist, available as a nasal spray, and used for treatment of endometriosis and for induction of luteinising hormone and follicle stimulating hormone in treatment of female infertility.

Cetorelix, a synthetic form of GnRH, is given by injection usually for three or four days. Cetrotide is used to prevent premature ovulation (early release of eggs from the ovary). It is given to women having ovarian stimulation (fertility treatment where the ovaries are stimulated to produce more eggs).

Is a birth control pills may be administered to regulate your cycle and are usually started on the first day of your period, or as directed by your physician.

Clexane is used to prevent blood clots forming.

Used to stimulate the ovaries, clomiphene, a non-steroidal medicine works by stimulating the release of the eggs from the ovary.

Progesterone, given in the form of a vaginal gel or suppository, is essential to prepare the endometrium for implantation of an embryo, ovulation induction or sometimes to induce a period.

Danazol is a medication used to treat endometriosis.

An androgen produced primarily by the adrenal gland. In an infertility setting, particularly in conjunction with IVF, DHEA is used primarily to treat women with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), which occurs either as a consequence of premature ovarian aging (POA) or female aging.

A tetracycline derivative, an antibiotic that inhibits many of the microorganisms infecting the reproductive tract. Often used for treating ureaplasma infections. Many physicians find routine treatment with this antibiotic more cost effective than performing multiple cultures on both the husband and wife looking for infection.

It is administered in pill form and is given to the male partner during the female partner’s stimulation IVF cycle to reduce the minute levels of bacteria found in the semen. These bacteria can compromise the performance and quality of the sperm during an IVF cycle. It is also sometimes given to the female to reduce the risk of infection following aspiration of the follicles during the egg retrieval period.

It is administered in pill form and is given to the male partner during the female partner’s stimulation IVF cycle to reduce the minute levels of bacteria found in the semen. These bacteria can compromise the performance and quality of the sperm during an IVF cycle. It is also sometimes given to the female to reduce the risk of infection following aspiration of the follicles during the egg retrieval period.

These tablets are started the night of the embryo transfer. This medication is designed to help support the pregnancy.

The omega-3 fatty acids in fish oil helps to enhance fertility in females acting as an anti inflammatory and helping mood swings. For the male partner fish oil improves sperm motility and lowers cholesterol in the sperm cell membrane.

Women also use folic acid as a supplement during pregnancy to reduce the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) in the baby. It is recommended that the female partner takes folic acid as soon as a couple decides to try for a baby. It helps both the healthy development of the foetal neural tube, and has a role in conception, as it is required in the first days and weeks of life. For the male partner it is recommended that folic acid taken in conjunction with zinc (as a supplement) to improve sperm health.

Follitropin is a man-made form of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). This hormone regulates ovulation, the growth and development of eggs in a woman’s ovaries.

Progesterone injections are used in the treatment of menstrual disorders, in assisted reproduction and to help maintain early pregnancy in women who have had recurrent miscarriages.

Gonal-F is a man-made version of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). This hormone regulates ovulation, the growth and development of eggs in a woman’s ovaries.

Heparin is a subcutaneous injection taken twice daily, every 12 hours. It may be prescribed to prevent blood clots forming.

Humegon is used to stimulate multiple ovulation in some fertility treatments. It possesses follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) activity.

Inositol, a complex sugar, may help to improve egg quality especially in women who suffer from PCOS and may decrease the chance of miscarriage.

Used to treat patients with high antibodies, which may attack the embryo.

Iron is helpful to counteract anaemia and produce healthy haemoglobin.

IVIG is used in women where traditional IVF has failed, due to immune system factors, which prevented the body from accepting the embryo.

This is an amino acid can be found in many foods and which is essential for sperm production. L-arginine supplements can help to increase both sperm count and quality.

L-Taurine supplements may help increase sperm motility in males.

Leuprorelin is a manufactured version of a hormone used to treat prostate cancer, breast cancer, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and early puberty. It is given by injection into a muscle or under the skin.

Lovenox is a subcutaneous injection taken twice daily, every 12 hours. It may be prescribed to prevent blood clots forming.

Is a manufactured version of a hormone used to treat prostate cancer, breast cancer, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and early puberty. It is given by injection into a muscle or under the skin.

Lycopene is a natural antioxidant found in tomatoes, apricots, pink grapefruit, papaya and watermelon, that can boost sperm production in men.

Medrol is a corticosteroid medication that is used for anti-inflammatory purposes after an egg retrieval procedure as part of an in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle.

Menogon is a hormone medication used to replace the pituitary hormones LH and FSH. It may be used to induce ovulation in women who do not respond to clomiphene citrate. It is most frequently used with women who do not normally produce estrogen because of pituitary gland or hypothalamic malfunction.

Menopur simulates the physiological effects of gonadotropins. These hormones stimulate healthy ovaries to make eggs.

Merional simulates the physiological effects of gonadotropins. These hormones stimulate healthy ovaries to make eggs.

Medication that simulate the physiological effects of gonadotropins. They are taken as subcutaneous injections that provide stimulation to the follicles that contain the eggs during the stimulation phase.

An injectable form of Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) used to stimulate ovulation.

It is administered in pill form and is given to the male partner during the female’s stimulation IVF cycle to reduce the minute levels of bacteria found in the semen. These bacteria can compromise the performance and quality of the sperm during an IVF cycle. It is also sometimes given to the female to reduce the risk of infection following aspiration of the follicles during the egg retrieval period.

N-acetyle cysteine is an amino acid, which has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity for women with PCOS.

Nafarelin is a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist medication, which is used in the treatment of endometriosis and early puberty. It is also used to treat uterine fibroids, and to control ovarian stimulation in in-vitro fertilization.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) is used to trigger ovulation to aid egg retrieval, and can also be used to stimulate the production of progesterone.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) is used to trigger ovulation to aid egg retrieval, and can also be used to stimulate the production of progesterone.

Bromocriptine is a dopamine antagonist used to prevent ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome.

Pergonal simulates the physiological effects of gonadotropins. These hormones stimulate healthy ovaries to make eggs.

Studies have shown that the MACA plant has beneficial effects on both male and female fertility. It may help to increase progesterone levels in women, which may, in turn, help to support pregnancy.

Free radicals damage sperm quality and antioxidants such as Pine Bark Extract help the body to fight back and improve sperm quality.

Prednisolone is a corticosteroid-based hormone. It is normally given for a period of four days during the IVF cycle, to assist pre-embryo implantation.

Pregnyl is an hCG used to trigger ovulation to aid egg retrieval and which can also be used to stimulate the production of progesterone.

Profasi is an hCG used to trigger ovulation to aid egg retrieval and which can also be used to stimulate the production of progesterone.

Using medications to prevent premature ovulation and performing egg retrieval may cause female progesterone production to be inadequate. For this reason, progesterone is often supplemented in women being treated with IVF.

Progynova is a precursor of oestrogen. Oestrogen helps regulate the menstrual cycle, controlling the growth of the uterine lining during the first part of the cycle. If the woman’s egg is not fertilized, estrogen levels decrease sharply and menstruation begins. If the egg is fertilized, estrogen works with progesterone, another hormone, to stop ovulation during pregnancy.

Leuprorelin is a manufactured version of a hormone used to treat prostate cancer, breast cancer, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and early puberty. It is given by injection into a muscle or under the skin.

Follitropin is a man-made form of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). This hormone regulates ovulation, the growth and development of eggs in a woman’s ovaries.

Repronex simulates the physiological effects of gonadotropins. These hormones stimulate healthy ovaries to make eggs.

Selenium is a mineral that helps protect the body from free radicals. It may help minimize the risk of birth defects as well as increase sperm counts. Some good sources of selenium include red meat, tuna, chicken, and enriched pasta and whole grain breads.

Siberian Ginsing Extract may improve male reproductive health and restore vigour.

Nafarelin (Synarel) is a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist medication, which is used in the treatment of endometriosis and early puberty. It is also used to treat uterine fibroids, and to control ovarian stimulation in in-vitro fertilization.

A GnRH Agonists that allows for improved control of ovarian stimulation during the administration of exogenous FSH. Exogenous FSH is given to stimulate ovarian follicle, followed by human chorionic gonadotropins hCG to trigger ovulation. Some are injected just under the skin others are applied as a nasal spray. They allow the body to produce a higher number of improved quality eggs during the treatment cycle. Mid cycle hormonal surge caused by a cancellation of a cycle can also be minimised using these.

Sildenafil may be prescribed to women to thicken the lining of the uterus so that implantation can occur more easily.

It is administered in pill form and is given to the male partner during the female partner’s stimulation IVF cycle to reduce the minute levels of bacteria found in the semen. These bacteria can compromise the performance and quality of the sperm during an IVF cycle. It is also sometimes given to the female to reduce the risk of infection following aspiration of the follicles during the egg retrieval period.

Vibrox is an antibiotic sometimes given to the male partner during the female partner’s stimulation IVF cycle to reduce the minute levels of bacteria found in the semen. These bacteria can compromise the performance and quality of the sperm during an IVF cycle. It is also sometimes given to the female to reduce the risk of infection following aspiration of the follicles during the egg retrieval period.

Along with folic acid, vitamins B6 and B12 help make up part of the B-complex family. All of these vitamins are essential to good reproductive health. Vitamin B12 also helps men with sperm production.

Along with folic acid, vitamins B6 and B12 help make up part of the B-complex family. All of these vitamins are essential to good reproductive health. B6 in particular has been shown to increase fertility in women.

For the male partner Vitamin C improves quality of sperm. Studies have shown that Vitamin C also contributes to improvement in the sperm count and motility.

Vitamin D has a direct impact on both male and female reproductive health. In males it helps to make more testosterone and therefore improve sperm quality. In females it helps the ovaries to regulate oestrogen so that the follicles mature.

Men take vitamin E when their partners are undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment. Increasing the intake of this vitamin may increase a couple’s chances of IVF being successful. Wheat germ oil is an excellent source of vitamin E as are almonds, broccoli, spinach, and sunflower oil.

Zinc supplements may help males to produce testosterone. Low levels of zinc can affect sperm motility and the overall sperm count. In women, Zinc helps the body utilise oestrogen and progesterone more efficiently. However, it is very important that you take the correct dosage of zinc as advised by your health care professional, as high levels can be counter-productive in your efforts to conceive.