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Supplements

Calcium is important for building bones and also controlS of blood flow, muscle function and nerve function. A 2019 study published in the International Journal of Fertility and Sterility suggests that calcium deficiency might be a potential cause of infertility in men, since calcium is involved in the production of sperm.

CoQ10 is found throughout the bodies of all living things. It plays an important part in respiration. In fact 95% of the human body’s energy is generated in a pathway involving CoQ10. Some studies have suggested that CoQ10 supplementation may improve sperm concentration and motility in men with infertility, but further research is definitely needed before this is substantiated.

The omega-3 fatty acids in fish oil helps to enhance fertility in females acting as an anti inflammatory and helping mood swings. For the male partner fish oil improves sperm motility and lowers cholesterol in the sperm cell membrane.

Women also use folic acid as a supplement during pregnancy to reduce the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) in the baby. It is recommended that the female partner takes folic acid as soon as a couple decides to try for a baby. It helps both the healthy development of the foetal neural tube, and has a role in conception, as it is required in the first days and weeks of life. For the male partner it is recommended that folic acid taken in conjunction with zinc (as a supplement) to improve sperm health.

Inositol, a complex sugar, may help to improve egg quality especially in women who suffer from PCOS and may decrease the chance of miscarriage.

Iron is helpful to counteract anaemia and produce healthy haemoglobin.

This is an amino acid can be found in many foods and which is essential for sperm production. L-arginine supplements can help to increase both sperm count and quality.

ALC is an amino acid (a protein builder), which occurs naturally in the body. It has a particular part to play in helping to turn fat into energy. ALC is also a powerful antioxidant, which is thought to slow age-related changes in the female reproductive system. A study in 2018 also noted that supplementing with these types of carnitine amino acids improved symptoms of PCOS, endometriosis and the absence of a period. ALC may also have some utility in boosting sperm motility in men.

L-Taurine supplements may help increase sperm motility in males.

Lycopene is a natural antioxidant found in tomatoes, apricots, pink grapefruit, papaya and watermelon, that can boost sperm production in men.

N-acetyle cysteine is an amino acid, which has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity for women with PCOS.

Studies have shown that the MACA plant has beneficial effects on both male and female fertility. It may help to increase progesterone levels in women, which may, in turn, help to support pregnancy.

Free radicals damage sperm quality and antioxidants such as Pine Bark Extract help the body to fight back and improve sperm quality.

Using medications to prevent premature ovulation and performing egg retrieval may cause female progesterone production to be inadequate. For this reason, progesterone is often supplemented in women being treated with IVF.

Selenium is a mineral that helps protect the body from free radicals. It may help minimize the risk of birth defects as well as increase sperm counts. Some good sources of selenium include red meat, tuna, chicken, and enriched pasta and whole grain breads.

Siberian Ginsing Extract may improve male reproductive health and restore vigour.

Along with folic acid, vitamins B6 and B12 help make up part of the B-complex family. All of these vitamins are essential to good reproductive health. Vitamin B12 also helps men with sperm production.

Along with folic acid, vitamins B6 and B12 help make up part of the B-complex family. All of these vitamins are essential to good reproductive health. B6 in particular has been shown to increase fertility in women.

For the male partner Vitamin C improves quality of sperm. Studies have shown that Vitamin C also contributes to improvement in the sperm count and motility.

Vitamin D has a direct impact on both male and female reproductive health. In males it helps to make more testosterone and therefore improve sperm quality. In females it helps the ovaries to regulate oestrogen so that the follicles mature.

Men take vitamin E when their partners are undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment. Increasing the intake of this vitamin may increase a couple’s chances of IVF being successful. Wheat germ oil is an excellent source of vitamin E as are almonds, broccoli, spinach, and sunflower oil.

Zinc supplements may help males to produce testosterone. Low levels of zinc can affect sperm motility and the overall sperm count. In women, Zinc helps the body utilise oestrogen and progesterone more efficiently. However, it is very important that you take the correct dosage of zinc as advised by your health care professional, as high levels can be counter-productive in your efforts to conceive.